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What To Do For Cardio: A Comprehensive Guide

If you’re looking to improve your overall health, cardiovascular exercise is a great place to start. Cardio, short for cardiovascular exercise, is any form of aerobic activity that gets your heart rate up and improves your heart and lung function.

In this article, we’ll discuss what exactly cardio is, the benefits of cardio exercise, and how to get started with a cardio routine. We’ll also cover some common mistakes to avoid and answer some frequently asked questions about cardio.

What is Cardio?

Cardio is any form of aerobic exercise that raises your heart rate and increases your breathing rate. This type of exercise, also called cardiovascular exercise, can include activities such as running, cycling, swimming, and dancing, among others.

The goal of cardio exercise is to get your heart rate up and sustain it for a period of time, usually around 30 minutes to an hour. When done consistently, cardio exercise can help improve your overall health and fitness.

Benefits of Cardio Exercise

There are numerous benefits to incorporating cardio exercise into your fitness routine. Here are just a few:

1. Improved Heart Health

Cardio exercise helps to strengthen your heart muscle and improve blood flow throughout your body. This can lead to a reduced risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke.

2. Weight Loss and Management

Cardio exercise is a great way to burn calories and lose weight. Consistent cardio workouts can help you maintain a healthy weight and reduce your risk of obesity-related diseases.

3. Increased Endurance

Regular cardio exercise can help improve your endurance and stamina, making it easier to perform everyday activities and participate in sports or other physical activities.

4. Reduced Stress and Anxiety

Cardio exercise has been shown to reduce stress and anxiety levels, leading to improved mental health and overall well-being.

5. Improved Sleep

Cardio exercise can help you fall asleep faster and stay asleep longer, leading to improved sleep quality and overall restfulness.

Getting Started with Cardio

If you’re new to cardio exercise, it’s important to start slowly and gradually increase your intensity and duration over time. Here are some tips for getting started:

1. Choose an Activity You Enjoy

The key to sticking with a cardio routine is to choose an activity that you enjoy. This can be anything from jogging to swimming to dancing. Find something that you look forward to doing and that makes you feel good.

2. Start Slowly

If you’re just starting out, don’t try to do too much too soon. Begin with short, easy workouts and gradually increase your intensity and duration over time.

3. Set Realistic Goals

Set realistic goals for yourself and track your progress along the way. This can help keep you motivated and on track.

4. Make it a Habit

Consistency is key when it comes to cardio exercise. Try to make it a habit by scheduling your workouts into your daily routine.

5. Mix it Up

To avoid getting bored, mix up your cardio routine by trying new activities or incorporating different types of workouts, such as interval training or circuit training.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

Here are some common mistakes to avoid when starting a cardio routine:

1. Doing Too Much Too Soon

Trying to do too much too soon can lead to injury and burnout. Start slowly and gradually increase your intensity and duration over time.

2. Not Warming Up or Stretching

Skipping the warm-up and stretching can increase your risk of injury. Take a few minutes to warm up and stretch before starting your cardio workout.

3. Overdoing it

While it’s important to challenge yourself during your cardio workouts, overdoing it can lead to burnout and injury. Listen to your body and take rest days when needed.

4. Neglecting Other Forms of Exercise

While cardio exercise is important, it’s also important to incorporate other forms of exercise, such as strength training and stretching, into your routine.

5. Not Fueling Your Body Properly

Eating a balanced diet and staying hydrated are crucial for fueling your body and getting the most out of your cardio workouts. Make sure to eat a healthy meal or snack before and after your workouts.


How often should I do cardio?

It’s recommended to do cardio exercise at least three to four times per week, for a minimum of 30 minutes per session.

What’s the best time of day to do cardio?

The best time of day to do cardio is whenever it works best for your schedule and when you feel most energized. Some people prefer to do cardio in the morning, while others prefer to do it in the evening.

What’s the best type of cardio for weight loss?

Any form of cardio exercise can help with weight loss, but high-intensity interval training (HIIT) has been shown to be particularly effective.

Can I do cardio if I have joint pain?

Yes, there are low-impact forms of cardio exercise that can be easier on your joints, such as swimming, cycling, or using an elliptical machine.

How long does it take to see results from cardio?

This can vary depending on a variety of factors, such as your starting fitness level and the intensity of your workouts. However, you can typically start to see improvements in your fitness level within a few weeks of starting a consistent cardio routine.


Incorporating cardio exercise into your fitness routine can have numerous benefits for your overall health and well-being. By starting slowly, setting realistic goals, and mixing up your routine, you can develop a cardio routine that works for you and helps you reach your fitness goals. Remember to listen to your body, avoid common mistakes, and fuel your body properly to get the most out of your workouts.

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